What the research says about effective phonics instruction definitions.
Effective phonics instruction research. Although explicit instruction has proved more effective than implicit instruction the key element in the success of explicit phonics instruction is the provision of multiple opportunities to read decodable words that is words containing previously taught sound spellings in context stahl osborn and pearson 1992. Adams 1990 and ample modeling of the. A good phonics lesson begins with an explicit explanation of the sound spelling being taught along with guided opportunities for students to blend or sound out words using the new sound spelling. Systematic and explicit phonics instruction is effective for children from various social and economic levels. The most difficult problem for students with dyslexia is learning to read. English words can be difficult to decode emphasizing the importance of phonics instruction. These approaches are especially ineffective for students with. Explicit instruction is the most effective type of phonics instruction especially for children at risk for reading difficulties.
Phonics instruction can also vary with respect to the explicitness by which the phonic elements are taught and practiced in the reading of text. Systematic and explicit phonics instruction teaches children a. Systematic and explicit phonics instruction is more effective than non systematic or no phonics instruction. Systematic phonics instruction is beneficial to children regardless of their socioeconomic status. For example many synthetic phonics approaches use direct instruction in teaching phonics components and provide opportunities for applying these skills in decodable text formats characterized by a controlled vocabulary. The findings are intended to help educators and publishers understand and address the best methods of instruction and develop the most effective instructional resources. It helps children from various backgrounds make greater gains in reading than non systematic instruction or no phonics instruction. For a downloadable pdf in spanish click here.
The plan of instruction which includes a carefully selected set of letter sound relationships organized into a logical sequence. 22 different models of instruction were compared over 9 years and the results showed that professor siegfried engelmann s method of phonics instruction was by far the most effective programme for teaching reading. The importance of phonics instruction for all students the word train with the letter combination ai is one of six ways in english to make the sound ā. For a downloadable pdf click here. Key findings from the scientific research on phonics instruction include the following conclusions of particular interest and value to classroom teachers. The results are organized around five key areas of reading instruction phonemic awareness phonics fluency vocabulary and comprehension. Provide teachers with precise directions for the teaching of these relationships.
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